Pop Quiz: Heart attack or panic attack: what is it?


Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, so it’s no wonder that a heart attack – the result of coronary artery disease, which is one form of heart disease – is a concern. While the most common symptoms of a heart attack are often recognizable, the symptoms of another common health condition – a panic attack – can easily be confused with those of a heart attack. Take our pop quiz and learn the difference between a heart attack and a panic attack.

1.) True or false? Although a heart attack and a panic attack may sound very similar, they are very different medical conditions.

2.) Which of the following symptoms can be experienced during both a heart attack and a panic attack?

  1. Chest pain or pressure, or pounding or pounding heart
  2. Shortness of breath, dizziness and sweating
  3. Nausea or vomiting
  4. A sense of impending doom – a strong feeling that something terrible is about to happen
  5. All the foregoing

3.) True or false? Heart attacks and panic attacks have some of the same risk factors.

4.) Which of the following are risk factors shared by those who suffer from heart attacks and those who suffer from panic attacks? (Choose all that match)

  1. Stress
  2. A poor diet
  3. Anxiety
  4. All the foregoing

5.) Which of the following are the differences between a heart attack and a panic attack?

  1. The cause of the symptoms
  2. The duration (or how long the symptoms last)
  3. Who is more likely to have one or the other
  4. All the foregoing

6.) Which of the following statements describes the difference between a heart attack and a panic attack regarding how the cause of the symptoms, or what actually happens in your body to trigger an attack, are different?

  1. During a heart attack, not enough blood is flowing to your heart, which strains the heart muscle, which can lead to permanent damage. during a panic attack, sufferers have an exaggerated reaction of intense fear to elements in the environment that would not normally provoke this type of reaction.
  2. In a heart attack, the chest pains and other symptoms are caused by physical symptoms, and in a panic attack, the symptoms are caused by symptoms created in the mind.
  3. The symptoms of a heart attack are real and the symptoms of a panic attack are made up.
  4. none of the above

7.) Which of the following statements is true regarding the difference in duration of a heart attack compared to a panic attack?

  1. For a heart attack, the symptoms last a long time. For a panic attack, the symptoms start and disappear quickly.
  2. For a heart attack, the symptoms start and go away quickly. For a panic attack, the symptoms last a long time.
  3. For a heart attack, the symptoms last from a few minutes to a few hours and are unlikely to occur day after day. For a panic attack, the symptoms usually last about 10 minutes, but occur several times a day or several days in a row.
  4. none of the above

8.) Which of the following statements are true about who is more likely to have a heart attack or a panic attack? (Choose all that match)

  1. Men and older people are more likely to have heart attacks.
  2. Women and young people are more likely to have panic attacks.
  3. A person who has a mental health problem, such as Anxiety depressionor post-traumatic stress disorder, is more likely to have panic attacks than someone who doesn’t.
  4. All the foregoing

9.) True or false? Medical tests and procedures such as ECGs, blood tests, and echocardiograms can detect reduced blood flow from a heart attack and identify damage to the heart, whereas those same tests and procedures would be normal if symptoms were caused by a panic attack.

10.) True or false? In a person with heart disease or heart disease risk factorsChanges in blood flow caused by a panic attack, such as an increase in heart rate and blood pressure, can lead to a heart attack.

compiled by ERIKA ALDRICH / Resources: Information provided by the Cleveland Clinic and Good Rx Health

ANSWERS

  1. True
  2. E. All of the above
  3. True
  4. A. and C. Stress and anxiety
  5. All the foregoing
  6. A. A heart attack is the result of restricted blood flow to the heart, while a panic attack is an exaggerated fear reaction.
  7. C. Heart attack symptoms do not come and go, and they rarely occur day by day.
  8. All the foregoing
  9. True
  10. True

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